Important advances have been observed in several areas in the field of synthetic biology, including life sciences, industrial development, and environmental bioremediation. Due to the limitations of human understanding of the code of life, the possible deliberate or unintended use of synthetic biology, and other unknown reasons, the development and application of this technology has raised concerns about biosecurity, biosecurity, and even cyberbiosecurity that could expose you to public health and the environment to unknown risks. In recent decades, some countries in Europe, America, and Asia have enacted laws and regulations to control the application of synthetic biology techniques in basic and applied research, and this has led to numerous benefits.
The outbreak of COVID-19 caused by the novel SARSCoV-2 coronavirus, and various speculations on the origin of this virus, have drawn more attention to the biohazard aspects of synthetic biology due to the potential power and uncertainty in the synthesis and design of living organisms. . It is, therefore, essential to examine the control measures taken to ensure their correct use, promote the development of synthetic biology and strengthen the management of research on pathogens, although the true origin of the coronavirus remains difficult and unresolved. . This article discusses recent advances in the field of synthetic biology and reviews the laws and regulations related to biohazard problems. We emphasize the urgent need for legislative and regulatory restrictions and supervision to address the biological dangers of synthetic biology.